Nepal is a mountainous developing country in South Asia. Three quarters of Nepal’s population are directly dependent on agricultural activities and are highly vulnerable to current and anticipated climate change impacts. Increased monsoon and post-monsoon rainfall intensity and decreased winter precipitation are expected throughout the country. Local communities are already experiencing unpredictable rainfall and diminishing water resources.
Crop losses from droughts or floods, and top soil loss from increased soil erosion and landslides, pose a risk to future food security. Extreme events, together with other climate-induced hazards such as glacier lake outburst floods, avalanches and wildfires, are rapidly increasing in frequency and intensity.