To address the nexus challenges of poverty, food insecurity, climate change and ecosystem degradation in Zambezi basin, Mozambique, this UN Environment-funded project promoted the ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approach of conservation agriculture (CA), with interventions such as; i) no tillage and minimum tillage farming; ii) mixed farming; iii) crop diversification and the introduction of drought resistant crops; iv) introduction of agroforestry systems; and v) reforestation of degraded areas.
- Participatory planning and decision-making is an effective strategy for capacity building. Involving local community members in the entire project cycle, from planning to execution of activities, provides apprenticeship learning thus the capacity of the community is built to ensure sustainability of project outcomes.
- Peer-to-peer learning is important for enhancing knowledge sharing and scaling up actions. The farmer clubs model allows for wide-scale knowledge sharing through peer learning techniques, especially field visits and joint implementation of activities. The farmer clubs spread across the country convene farmers in an area for joint engagements. These facilitate knowledge sharing, capacity building and skills transfer within a farmer club. Field visits between different clubs facilitate wide knowledge application to catalyze upscaling.